The 68th UN General Assembly declared 2016 the International Year of Pulses (IYP). Launched on November 10, 2015, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has been nominated to facilitate the implementation of the Year in collaboration with Governments, relevant organizations, non-governmental organizations and all other relevant stakeholders. The IYP 2016 aims to heighten public awareness of the nutritional benefits of pulses as part of sustainable food production aimed towards food security and nutrition. The Year will create a unique opportunity to encourage connections throughout the food chain that would better utilize pulse-based proteins, further global production of pulses, better utilize crop rotations and address the challenges in the trade of pulses. The specific objectives of the IYP 2016 are to: • Raise awareness about the important role of pulses in sustainable food production and healthy diets and their contribution to food security and nutrition; • Promote the value and utilization of pulses throughout the food system, their benefits for soil fertility and climate change and for combating malnutrition; • Encourage connections throughout the food chain to further global production of pulses, foster enhanced research, better utilize crop rotations and address the challenges in the trade of pulses.